Spinal fractures can happen from something as dramatic as a fall or motor vehicle accident, or in people with osteoporosis a simple movement like coughing or reaching overhead. Osteoporosis makes the vertebrae vulnerable to compression fractures . Treatment options are based upon the type of fracture and other factors. Non-surgical options include bracing, light exercise and medication.
For osteoporotic fractures, vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty may be performed in which a bone cement is injected into the fractured vertebrae.