Fractures, Sprains & Strains

About Fractures

A fracture is a break in a bone, which may also include the surrounding tissue. Bone fractures may occur from injuries, osteoporosis, tumors, or stress fractures from prolonged walking or running.

There are many types of fractures, including simple, comminuted, open, closed, undisplaced, and displaced. Depending on the severity and type of fracture, treatment might involve casting or surgery from the outside of the fracture with pins or wires or from the inside of the fracture with rods, wires or screws.

 

About Sprains and Strains

Sprains and strains are two of the most common orthopedic injuries.

A sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched or torn, and it is usually the result from a fall, sudden twist, or blow to the body. The most common sprains occur in the ankle, wrist, and thumb.

When a sprain occurs, signs and symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, instability, and decreased or loss of motion. Sometimes, people feel a pop or a tear.

Strains occur when a muscle is injured. Treatment of sprains and strains is important for a timely recovery.