The carpal tunnel is the passageway in the wrist, which is made up of eight bones in the wrist and ligaments. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common medical condition that occurs when the median nerve becomes pinched or compressed, due to swelling of the nerve or tendons or both. The median nerve provides sensation to the palm side of the thumb, index and middle fingers, and muscle power to the thumb. People with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome usually experience numbness, tingling, and weakness, in their fingers, wrist and arms.
Night symptoms and waking up at night are common characteristics of established carpal tunnel syndrome.
Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome include:
- Numbness or tingling in the thumb, index, and middle finger of one or both hands
- Numbness or tingling of the palm of the hand
- Pain extending to the elbow
- Pain in wrist or hand in one or both hands
- Problems with fine finger movements (coordination) in one or both hands
- Weak grip or difficulty carrying bags
- Weakness in one or both hands